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Nuclear Materials Smuggling in Moldova: A Watershed Moment?
Over the past five years, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has helped Moldovan authorities to interrupt at least four attempts by smugglers, including one with suspected connections to the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), to sell radioactive and dual-use materials to potential buyers. The latter attempt is especially worrisome because it has fulfilled a long-feared scenario in which organized criminal gangs are trying to link up with enemies of the West such as, the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and Al Qaeda - both of which have made clear their ambition to use weapons of mass destruction (WMD). In light of such determination, states in possession of nuclear and non-nuclear materials should be encouraged, at a minimum, to adhere to stringent material security standards and undergo relevant security culture awareness training.