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North Korea and the Great Powers: The United Nations’ Sanctions and the Balance of Power in Northeast Asia
The North Korean nuclear file is an old one on the United Nations Security Council’s (UNSC) agenda. Every year brings new provocative actions on the part of North Korea. The United Nations (UN) sanctions seem inadequate to resolve North Korea’s nuclear proliferation, inclusively because of the great powers’ rivalries in the UNSC and in Northeast Asia.
The central argument of this paper is that North Korea’s nuclear non-proliferation cannot be assured only with measures and procedures. The great powers should agree on a common strategy regarding North Korea, and the future of the Korean Peninsula. If they agree on a neutral, non-nuclear and peacefully unified Korea, the remaining issues will be easier to negotiate.
The paper first describes North Korea’s nuclear and missile development programs. Second, it explores the strengths and weaknesses of the UN’ sanctions regarding North Korea’s