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Energy Security in China’s 13th Five Years Plan: What to expect from there?
Energy security, usually defined as the availability, reliability and affordability of the energy resources, has become a primary concern for the survival and well-being of both developed and developing nations.
From the mid-1960s until 1993, China was energy self-sufficient. Since 2011, China has become the largest global energy consumer, the world's second-largest oil consumer behind the United States, the world's top coal producer, consumer, and importer, the third largest natural gas producer, and the world's largest power generator. (U.S. EIA, 2015: 1)
The International Energy Agency estimated that from 2010 to 2035, global energy demand may increase by 30%, in which China and India will contribute to 50% of the growth (IEA, 2011). What happens in China’s energy sector and China’s energy security strategy has a major impact on the world’s sustainable development. Presently, China tries to harmonize its energy need with the envir