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The New European Border and Coast Guard: A failed response to the migration crisis.
On October 6th, 2016 the European Border and Coast Guard, the spiritual and material successor of the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders (FRONTEX), was launched by the European Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship Dimitris Avramopoulos in an event symbolically held at the Bulgarian-Turkish border (EurActive.com, October 2016).
This marks the end of a hasty process undertaken by European institutions as underlined by the EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in his State of the Union when he also described it as a part of the strategy to ‘defend our borders' (European Commission, September 2016).
The origin can be traced back to the migration crisis, in the midst of which the Commission, following a call to action from the European Council and Parliament, produced the European Agenda on Migration (European Commission, May 2015).
The Commission's Agenda mostly focus