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The Muslim-majority state of Pakistan was born out of the partition of the Indian sub-continent in 1947, and has faced both domestic political upheavals and regional confrontations. A key conflict in the region is in Kashmir, involving three nuclear powers – China, India and Pakistan – who are in dispute over the territory.
India is the largest democracy in the world and according to UN estimates, it is expected to overtake China in 2028 as the most populous country in the world. As a rising economic powerhouse and nuclear-armed state, India has emerged as an important regional power.
Southeast Asia is a sub-region of Asia, consisting of the countries south of China and east of India, West of New Guinea, and North of Australia.
South Korea is situated in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, with close ties to the U.S. and one of the strongest economies in the world.
North Korea is situated in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It is one of the most isolated states in the world, due to its nuclear weapons program and human rights record.
Sri Lanka lies 20 miles off the south eastern tip of India, near the centre of the Indian Ocean. It has important ties with both China and India due to its location in the Indian Ocean.
Japan one of the most developed countries in the world, playing a key role in many Asian and global affairs. It has the second largest economy in Asia.
China has the second largest economy in the world, and is a dominant superpower both in international politics and in Asia. Key issues include: the Chinese economy, the South China Sea dispute, and U.S.-China relations.
Junior Researcher, Asia Programme
Editing and Marketing / Junior Researcher , Asia Programme